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Leukonychia Spots

These white spots are very common, and are most often created due to trauma to the matrix.  The injury to the matrix may not necessarily cause pain, however prevents the nail cells from flattening; in which case they retain the same whitish appearance as when in the matrix.  Leukonychia spots normally grow out.


Pseudo Leukonychia is another whitening condition that commonly occurs as a result of moisture and oil being repeatedly stripped from the nail plate surface (frequent removal of nail enamel).  The upper- most cells of the nail plate develop a white, flaky, dry appearance.  Most often, applying Solar Oil into the nail plate will quickly replenish the missing oil and the whiteness may disappear.


Splinter Hemorrhages are usually caused by physical trauma.  Under the nail plate, the nail bed contains millions of microscopic blood vessels which carry nutrients & oxygen to the nail bed, as well as remove toxins.  When the nail plate is traumatized (damaged by impact), the blood vessels leak blood into the nail bed tissue- staining the nail bed in a vertical direction.

The greater the trauma, the greater the bleeding.  The blood stain may last longer after the trauma has healed.

In addition to physical trauma (impact), heavy/aggressive filing, drilling, and improper enhancement removal can cause this condition.


Splitting / Layering / Peeling
This condition may be a result of sudden impact or trauma; however is usually caused by extreme dryness.  Regular manicuring and maintenance of the natural nails (Cuticle EraserSolar Oil) can help to prevent further splitting of the natural nail. 


A bruised nail is commonly caused by trauma to the nail which results in blood forming under the nail plate.  Coloration may vary from maroon to black.  In some instances, a bruised nail will cause the nail plate to detach from the nail bed (onycholysis-see below), and the nail plate may actually fall off.  In severe cases, it may be beneficial for a Doctor to release the pressure build-up caused by excessive bleeding under the nail plate.  In severe cases, a doctor may need to release the pressure built up under the nail plate caused by excessive bleeding.


Onycholysis - separation of the nail plate from the nail bed.  It usually occurs as a result of trauma (common: heavy filing, overfiling the natural nail, improper filing techniques), repetitive minor trauma (common: guitar picking, etc), allergic reaction as a result of overexposure to chemical hazards (commonly MMA) or Irritant contact dermatitis- a result of prolonged immersion of nails in water.

Treatment for onycholysis varies and depends on its cause.  Eliminating the predisposing cause is the best treatment.  Avoid trauma to the affected nail, and keep the nail dry.  Avoid exposure to contact irritants (household cleaners, etc), and most importantly water.

Shorten (carefully 'clip') the affected portion of the nail, and keep it short.  Wear light cotton gloves under vinyl gloves for wet work.

If enhancements are worn, keep length short, and watch carefully as condition may progress. 


Ridges are commonly a normal sign of aging in the nail plate.  Small ridges that run from the free edge to the cuticle area are completely normal.  Light buffing of the ridges may reduce their appearance, however it is important not to overly thin the nail plate.  Ridge filling base coats help to create a smoother appearance. As a result of normal aging you may also experience brittleness and slower growth.